getting water out of the boat after reaching the bottom of the rapid.
It's hard on some canoes to tip the water out when the canoe is loaded.
A loaded canoe may lack room to work a bailer.
A hand pump will get down between the gear, and an electic pump is even better, if reliable.
But all that gear in the canoe will make it harder for the water to flow to the pump, or the bailer aperture.
My solution on the Dolores Slickrock Canyon was to not take on water. But those rapids never got above 2+.
Another issue. WW canoes usually have smooth insides so that water doesn't get trapped. Other canoes may have water spaces between ribs, or recessed margins around molded foam cores. Often those are just the canoes that shouldn't be rolled to tip the water out, but they're also the ones that may be hardest to bail or pump thoroughly.
Then there's Cookes Custom Sewing and spray decks. But if water DOES get under the spray deck, how to get it out?
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