I might tend to disagree on the archival argument that all canoes and kayaks are canoes? In name? In definition? There is evidence of kayaks being built over 5,ooo years ago. I don't think the "canoe" can hold that claim. My understanding of skin boat history is that Man developed four basic skin boat crafts: umiaks (open skiff-like boats), kayaks, canoes and coracles (open, bowl-shaped boats used to pole across lakes and rivers - used in MidEast, Africa, Asia. Also, human migration probably came from the east, the kayak builders who settled into the interior of North America (the canoe builders). I would think that,too, would lead me to guess kayaks are older. Canoes being modified without the need for the deckcovering.